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December 11,  2001

During Burn Awareness Week, Shriners Focuses Attention On Scald Burns


 (SafetyAlerts) - During Burn Awareness Week 2002, February 3-9, the Shriners -- members of the fraternal organization that operates 22 Shriners Hospitals for Children throughout North America -- want people to take precautions against children receiving scald burns in the home.

"Every single scald burn injury is preventable," said Kenneth W. Smith, President and CEO of the Shrine of North America. "The most effective way to prevent scald burns in the kitchen or bathroom is through adequate and continuous supervision."

Shriners Hospitals offer the following facts about scald burns and tips to help keep children safe in the home (Tips can also be found at

* Children under 5 are at the highest risk for burns caused by hot fluids.

* Most scald burns happen in the kitchen when fluids spill from the stove or microwave, as well as on or around the kitchen table, counters and sink. Some ways to keep hot fluids away from children are: appropriate supervision, keep children away from "risk areas," avoid the use of tablecloths and place mats, put hot items on the table only when adults are ready to be seated, test all foods before feeding a baby, cook on the rear of the stove.

* The bathroom is the second highest risk area for scald burn injuries in the home, which are directly related to the temperature of the water delivered from the water heater.

* Water heater thermostats should be set at a maximum of 120 degrees F. If it is not possible to reduce the water heater temperature, use of a thermostatically controlled valve/faucet should be considered.

* The best way to test bath water is to submerge the hand, spread the fingers and move the hand vigorously in the water. If the water feels uncomfortable to the hand, it is too hot for a child.

* Generally, babies should not be bathed in water above 100 degrees F and young children in water above 104 degrees F. Tepid water is at a temperature low enough that the water feels wet, not cold or hot. This is the best temperature to bathe babies.

* The skin of young children is thinner than that of adults and thus there is an increased burn risk potential. When the temperature of liquid reaches about 160 degrees F, a child may be burned instantly and no one can respond rapidly enough to avoid injury.

Known as the experts in pediatric burn care, Shriners Hospitals operate four burn hospitals in Galveston, Cincinnati, Boston and Sacramento. Through intensive research and state-of-the-art clinical care, a burned child's chance of survival has more than doubled since the Shriners first opened the burn hospitals in the mid-1960s. Much of today's research now focuses on improving the quality of life for burn survivors.

Source: PRNewswire.

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The information contained herein has been obtained from sources that the Company believes to be reliable, however, the Company has not independently verified or confirmed the information and the recipient acknowledges that no representations or warranties are being made in connection with the use of the information.