September 7, 2001
State-Specific Trends in High Blood Cholesterol Awareness Among Persons
Screened ? United States, 1991-1999
An estimated one in
four Americans (18.9%) have high blood cholesterol (level of 240 mg/dl or
above). This represents more than 40.6 million Americans who have high risk
cholesterol levels. A Healthy People 2010 national goal for heart disease
and stroke is to reduce the proportion of adults with high total blood
Data collected from CDC's Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)
found that the proportion of adults aged 20 years and older who were
screened for cholesterol and who were aware that they had HBC increased by
nearly three percentage points ? from 25.7% in 1991 to 28.6% in 1999.
From 1991 to 1999, HBC awareness among screened adults increased in the
District of Columbia and 38 states with the highest percentage point
increases occurring in Ohio (7.6 percentage point) and Florida (7.3
Increases in HBC awareness occurred among each of the racial and ethnic
groups ? White (25.8% in 1991 to 28.9% in 1999); African American (24.6% in
1991 to 27.2% in 1999); and Hispanic (23.7% in 1991 to 27.4% in 1999).
The Third Report of the Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment
of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults, Adult Treatment Panel III, released by
the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's National Cholesterol
Education Program recommends that adults aged 20 years or older have their
cholesterol checked at least once every five years.
Cholesterol levels can be lowered through healthy lifestyle changes such as
an improved diet, weight management, exercise, cholesterol lowering drugs,
or combination of these strategies.