September 7, 2001
Prevalence of Healthy Lifestyle Characteristics — Michigan, 1998-2000
Chronic diseases (e.g.,
cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, chronic lung disease) account for
70% of all deaths in the United States. More than 60% of the nation’s
medical care costs is attributed to chronic diseases.
Risk factors and lifestyle behaviors such as tobacco use, poor diet,
excessive weight, and physical inactivity have been linked to major chronic
In 1998 and 2000, a very small number of Michigan residents practiced
healthy lifestyles that included maintaining healthy weight, healthy eating,
exercise, and not smoking. Michigan is among the states with a high burden
of chronic disease-related mortality.
During 1998 and 2000, the prevalence of engaging in all four healthy
lifestyle characteristics (HLC) — healthy weight, adequate fruit and
vegetable consumption, regular leisure time physical activity, and not
smoking — was only 3% among Michigan residents.
The prevalence of engaging in all HLCs was lower among Michigan men (1.6%)
than among Michigan women (4.5%), and higher among college graduates (4.9%)
than those with a high school education or less (1.2%)
Compared to other states, obesity and smoking are higher than the national
average in Michigan. Michigan is consistent with the national average of the
recommended daily consumption of five fruits and vegetables, and ranked
among the top 10 states for participation in regular and sustained physical
activity in 2000.
Healthy lifestyle changes such as an improved diet, weight management,
exercise, and not smoking can help lower major chronic disease risk,
including cardiovascular disease.