August 12, 2002
USDOT Releases 2001 Highway Fatality
Deaths Among Children Down to Lowest in History
- Motor vehicle crashes in 2001 claimed the lives of fewer children ages 15
and under than any time in record-keeping history, the U.S. Department of
Transportation's National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
The fatality rate per 100 million vehicle miles traveled (VMT) decreased
slightly. It was 1.52 in 2001, a small reduction from the final 2000 rate of
1.53. The total number of people killed in highway crashes in 2001 was
42,116, compared to 41,945 in 2000. However, the drop in the 2001 fatality
rate occurred because fatalities remained relatively constant despite an
increase in vehicle miles traveled. In 2001, vehicle miles traveled
increased slightly to 2.778 trillion, up from 2.75 trillion in 2000,
according to preliminary estimates from the Department?s Federal Highway
"Though the loss of more than 42,000 people is unacceptable, the news about
the nation?s young people is positive,? said U.S. Transportation Secretary
Norman Y. Mineta. "Clearly, parents and caregivers are getting the message
about the importance of proper restraints for children of all ages.?
The 2001 statistics also continue to show the increased risk of death and
injury when drivers and passengers do not wear seat belts or fail to have
their children properly restrained in child safety seats: 60 percent of the
passenger vehicle occupants killed in crashes last year were not restrained.
?There is no more effective safety device than a seat belt or child safety
seat,? said NHTSA Administrator Jeffrey W. Runge, M.D. ?It often makes the
difference between life and death in a serious crash.?
NHTSA's Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) also shows that in 2001:
Motorcycle fatalities increased for the fourth year in a row following years
of steady improvement. With 3,181 killed in 2001, it was the highest number
of motorcycle fatalities since 1990. For the first time since 1997, younger
motorcyclists, that is, riders under the age of 40, posted the highest
percentage increases in fatalities.
The rate of alcohol-related deaths in 2001 remained unchanged at 0.63 per
100 million VMT?17,448 deaths.
Fatalities in crashes involving large trucks dropped from 5,282 in 2000 to
5,082 in 2001.
The number of pedestrians killed, 4,882, increased slightly from 4,763.
Young drivers (16-20) were involved in slightly fewer fatal crashes, 7,598,
in 2001 compared to 7,671 in 2000.
Passenger vehicle occupant fatalities in single vehicle rollover crashes
increased 2.3 percent to 8,400. Pickup trucks accounted for the largest
percentage increase ? 4.2 percent.
The number of fatalities for children under five dropped significantly, an
8.6 percent decrease. There were 710 in 2000 compared to 649 in 2001. The
number of fatalities for children ages five to 15 also dropped 8.6 percent
from 2,121 in 2000 to 1,939 in 2001. The number of fatalities in both age
groups is the lowest since FARS record-keeping began in 1975.
NHTSA annually collects crash data from 50 states and the District of
Columbia to produce an annual report on traffic crash trends. To view a
summary of the 2001 crash statistics on the Internet, go to http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/.
Under ?Popular Information? click on ?Crash Statistics? and at the next
site, click on ?Motor Vehicle Traffic Crashes / Fatality and Injury
Estimates for 2001.? Printed reports will be published this year.